Pharmacognosy And Antioxidant Activity Of Withania Somnifera Roots


  • Priyanka Mech, Dr. Sudarshan Singh Lakhawat*, Gaurav Sharma, Dr. Pushpender kumar Sharma, Dr Vikram Yadav


Ashwagandha, HPTLC, Withaferin A, Phytochemical, Physiochemical, Antioxidant, DPPH.


Background and Objective: Withania somnifera is a valuable herbaceous plant with numerous medicinal benefits. The dried roots and stems of the Solanaceae plant, Withania somnifera, are the source of this substance. The present study provides a thorough analysis of the pharmacognosy and antioxidant properties of the roots of Withania somnifera, or ashwagandha. Methods: The study involves the plant's physiochemical examination, taxonomy, phytochemical composition, and in vitro antioxidant capacity. Alkaloids, withanolides, flavonoids, sitoindosides, amino acids, and other phytochemical components have all been discovered to be present in Withania somnifera roots. The plant's strong antioxidant qualities were also shown in the study, as shown by its power to scavenge DPPH free radicals and its overall antioxidant capacity. Results: The results imply that the flavonoid and phenolic component content of Withania somnifera root plays a significant role in its antioxidant action. Powder microscopy, physiochemical testing, qualitative phytochemical screening, and high-performance thin-layer chromatography were among the methods used in the study. Conclusion: The outcomes offer important new perspectives on the therapeutic qualities of Withania somnifera and its possible uses in Ayurvedic medicine.