Human corneal endothelial cells grafts to replace cadaveric donor corneas
Human corneal endothelial cells (HCEC) grafts to replace cadaveric donor corneas have made tremendous progress in recent years, and this article highlights the most recent discoveries and important achievements in this area. Cell injection therapy with cultured HCEC has just finished its first clinical research, which showed promising results. This follows on the heels of the success of autologous limbal stem cell transplantation in bioengineered ocular tissue transplantation. Transplantation techniques like bioengineered endothelium sheet transplantation and full-thickness corneal transplantation are likely to become more prevalent in the future decade. This goal will be achieved by a combination of current advancements in HCEC propagation, high-quality culture media, and 3D or 4D tissue culture, which will be the trend in the future.